Orthopaedic Trauma refers to an injury caused by some external force, such as a severe fall or any other serious accident. These trauma injuries occur in the musculoskeletal system, such as bones, cartilage, joints, ligaments, tendons and muscles. Common injuries include bone fractures, ligament tears, tendon tears and joint dislocations.

Orthopaedic trauma injuries can happen to anyone. If you suffered any break, fracture, tear or dislocation, it is essential that you are treated by an orthopaedic trauma specialist as soon as possible.

Orthopaedic Trauma Causes

There can be a variety of orthopaedic trauma causes. Some of them are mentioned below:

  • Sports injuries. Getting injured while playing a sport (football and rugby have the highest number of orthopaedic trauma injuries)..
  • Car or motorcycle accident.
  • Accidents at workplace.
  • Slipping down, or falling from somewhere.
  • Suffering from a direct blow.
  • Natural disasters.

Common Trauma Injuries

Sometimes, orthopaedic trauma is obvious. Life-threatening injuries, such as protruding bones, require an immediate trip to the emergency room.

Other times, orthopaedic trauma is not life-threatening, but still requires specialized care. Most common injuries that are treated by an orthopaedic trauma doctor are:

  • Closed fractures (Broken bone that doesn’t break the skin).
  • Open fractures (Broken bone that does break the skin).
  • Stress fractures (Small crack in the bone, usually caused by overuse).
  • Dislocation (When your joint is forced out of position).
  • Orthopaedic injuries caused by overuse.

Increased Risk of Orthopaedic Injury

Below are the factors, which increase the risk of orthopaedic injury:

  • Fragile bones due to osteoporosis.
  • Old age.
  • Not wearing protective gear while playing sports.
  • Not using helmets or seatbelt while riding a boda or driving a car.
  • Poor diet can lead to weak bones.
  • Wrong or risky techniques used while exercising or playing a sport.

Orthopaedic Trauma Treatments

Orthopaedic trauma patients may undergo surgical or non-surgical treatments, depending on the severity of the injury.

Orthopaedic surgery may be required for severe trauma injuries, but those that are less extensive may only require minimally invasive arthroscopic surgery. Non-surgical methods such as casts or braces may also be suggested as a treatment plan.

In addition to treating traumatic injuries, Dr. Miano treats chronic lasting after effects of trauma injuries in Kenya, such as:

  • Fractures that did not heal (aka nonunions) or are delayed in treatment.
  • Bone or joint conditions resulting from fractures that did not heal within the correct alignment (aka malunions).
  • Joint deformities from arthritis.
  • Bone Infections.

When to see an Orthopaedic Trauma Doctor

It is advised that you visit an orthopaedic trauma doctor, if you have suffered an injury during sports activity, from falling, slipping or involved in a car or bike accident or you have been the victim of crime or domestic violence.

After a traumatic occurrence, the following trauma symptoms may indicate that you need the services of an orthopaedic trauma doctor:

  • Inability to stand or walk.
  • Reduced mobility in affected area.
  • Malformation of joints.
  • Severe pain.
  • Bleeding.
  • Swelling and discomfort.

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